The US space agency NASA is moving ahead with its Artemis mission. The agency said that it has identified the key science goals. The program will see NASA launching three Moon-bound spacecraft. The third and last Artemis III mission will take humans to the lunar surface. The space agency has defined the science priorities for the Artemis III mission. The third spacecraft will transport two humans to Moon in 2024. This time, NASA said that it will send a woman to Earth’s only natural satellite. Women have gone to space for probes but they have never set a foot on Moon. Moon is also the only celestial object where humans have touched down. According to Artemis III Science Definition Team, it has prioritized investigations. The probes are aimed at assisting NASA in understanding the risks and potential resources.
NASA is planning to set up a base on Moon. It will be helpful in launching future space missions which including human exploration of Mars. According to the agency, understanding the Moon’s South Pole could be crucial in achieving the task. If all goes well, NASA said that it will establish an Artemis Base Camp on Moon by end of the decade. The goals include training astronauts to collect a variety of Moon’s surface and sub-surface samples. NASA believes that Moon has vast scientific potential. And therefore, science will be an integral part of the mission. The agency said it will start work on a detailed mission operations plan once other architectural details are ready.
NASA said that it wants to use innovative technologies for its mission. It has already collaborated with international partners. After the mission is completed, NASA has set a target to send astronauts to Mars for exploration of the Red Planet. It wants to build a sustainable presence to allow astronauts to explore space. The two astronauts are likely to spend nearly seven days on Moon. The latest development is a critical step forward in the agency’s exploration goals. It has already selected four private companies to collect lunar resources as part of the Artemis program. NASA will pay the companies exclusively for the lunar regolith.