Jupiter has been known as the most beautiful planet of the solar system; however, experts think that they still do not know much about the planet. The temperature of Jupiter’s atmosphere remains a long-standing mystery for scientists. A new study has found that the planet is more dense and hot in certain areas than what experts have expected so far. NASA’s Juno probe has collected some data, which reveal more essential details about how atmospheric hot spots of the planet spread across and how it interacts with the rest of the surroundings. Experts have said that the giant planet does not have a liquid or solid base like the earth but it has a deep atmosphere. The study has been led by Scott Bolton, who has thoroughly studied the data gathered by the Juno probe. He has said that to find out what is happening inside the deep atmosphere of these planets, one needs to go below the cloud layer.
Experts have said that Juno has finished its 29th close-up science pass of Jupiter. It looks below the cloud layer. They have said that the findings of the spacecraft have shed more light on age-old mysteries about Jupiter. It raises many questions about other gas giant planets as well. The data collected by the Juno probe has indicated that there are hot spots areas in the atmosphere of the planet Jupiter. Nevertheless, they are not small and isolated pockets as experts have thought them to be earlier. They are like windows glancing into the large strip of the atmosphere, which are hotter and drier than other regions. The entire northern equatorial belt of the planet is one of the examples of hot and dry areas, which exist on Jupiter. As per the experts, these hot spots are linked with cracks in the clouds. It helps scientists to look into the deeper sheets of the atmosphere below. Experts have said that hot areas of the planet might affect the exotic lightning and slushy mush balls, which are seen in the atmosphere of Jupiter.
The study has found that water and ammonia are merged and go invisible to Juno’s microwave instrument high afar in the atmosphere of the planet where shallow lightning is found. This is when mush balls, which are a special kind of hailstone, are formed. The co-author of the study, Triston Guillot has said that these mush balls get quite heavy and fall straight deep into the atmosphere. It forms a larger area, which is washed out of water and ammonia. He has said that once these mush balls liquefy and disperse, ammonia and water come back into a gaseous state and become visible to NASA’s Juno probe. The Juno mission will continue to rotate around Jupiter for a target of 37 orbits of the planet and will continue to gather more and more data. The mission is expected to reveal more mysteries about this astonishing planet. However, further studies are required to substantiate the findings of the new research.